List Of Communicable Diseases
Most states in the United States have specific laws and guidelines that spell out how communicable diseases should be kept in check and how outbreaks should be curbed. Towards this end, they keep a list of communicable diseases that is available even for the general public. The list communicable diseases is primarily used by the health facilities, healthcare providers and the relevant monitory authorities to ensure that such diseases are kept under control at all times.
Basically a diseases is termed communicable (CD) if it is infectious and can be transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person via direct contact, contact or exchange of bodily fluids, or even through an indirect contact (like touching something that's bee touched by an infected person). The following list of communicable diseases has been classified into some basic categories that overlap. Attempt has been made to build the list accumulatively, such that no disease is repeated if it occurs in more than one category.
Some common communicable diseases among children in the US include HIV/AIDS, bacterial meningitis, pink eye, fifth disease, cold sores (herpes simplex), viral hepatitis (A, B and C), lice, flu, mumps, measles, mono (mononucleosis), pinworms, whooping cough, RSV (respiratory syncytial virus), German measles (rubella), rosella, scabies, ringworm, staph infections, Chlamydia, genital herpes, scarlet fever, strep throat and tuberculosis.
Besides these, the EU has several other infections identified on its list of communicable diseases. Such diseases (Not covered above) include Amebiasis, Babesiosis, Chancroid, Chlamydia, Chickenpox (Varicella), Clostridium Difficile Infection, Crabs, E Coli, Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE), Ehrlichiosis, Giardiasis, Herpes, Hib/Haemophilus Influenza Type B, HIV, Human Papillomavirus (Genital Warts), Influenza, Legionellosis, Lyme, Meningitis (Meningococcal Disease), Molluscum Contagiosum, MRSA, Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU), Norovirus Infection, Pediculosis and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).
In additions to these, both the EU and US recognize the following as communicable diseases; Pertussis (Whooping Cough), Polio, Rabies, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Salmonellosis, Shigellosis, Brucellosis, Echinococcosis, Scabies, Streptococcal and West Nile Virus. Some common sexually diseases across the continents include Gonorrhea, Chlamydia infections, Gonococcal infections, HIV-infection and Syphilis
In sub-Saharan Africa, there are some communicable diseases that are regarded as serious imported diseases and they include Cholera, Malaria, Plague and Viral hemorrhagic fevers. The most notorious communicable diseases that are airborne include Legionellosism, Meningococcal disease, Pneumococcal infections and Tuberculosis.
Some common food and water-borne communicable diseases and other diseases with an environmental origin include Botulism, Campylobacteriosis, Cryptosporidiosis, Giardiasis, Enterohaemorrhagic E.coli, Leptospirosis, Listeriosis, Toxoplasmosis, Trichinosis and Yersinosis.