Carbohydrates are sources of energy for vital metabolic
processes and also are constituents of cellular substances such as
nucleic acids, and are enzyme cofactors and structural components of
cell walls and cell membranes.
The digestive system breaks down the carbohydrates into simple sugars
and ultimately absorbs glucose into the bloodstream. Any excess glucose
is converted into glycogen which is then stored around the body. Thus
an excess of carbohydrates can lead to an increase in body fat and a
gain in weight.
Carbohydrates are conveniently classified into three major groups polysaccharides (complex carbohydrates), monosaccharides and disaccharides
(simple carbohydrates). Complex carbohydrates contain many more
nutrients than simple carbohydrates. These complex carbohydrates, such
Dan Evins who believed that a convenient and trustworthy business was important for travelers conceived the idea that tired travelers would appreciate a convenient place to have a rest, a good meal some candy for the children when they stopped for gasoline. This marked the blueprint and the original Cracker Barrel Old Country Store location on Highway 109 in Lebanon, Tennessee in the late 1960s. From these humble beginnings the company has grown to what it is now.
Biscuit (Cracker Barrel)
Serving Size: 1 biscuit, Calories: 133, Total Fat: 5.5g, Carbs: 18.3g, Protein: 2.7g
Hashbrown Casserole (Cracker Barrel)
Serving Size: 209g / 7.37oz;...
Like a car, your body needs fuel to function. The diet must supply sufficient energy to support growth and development, maintain basic physiologic functions, meet the demands of muscle activity, and repair damage caused by illness or injury.
In the United States, energy intake and expenditure are measured in kilocalories, abbreviated as kcal, and commonly referred to as calories. Internationally the term is kilojoules, abbreviated as kJ (1 kcal = 4.184kJ). In this book, the terms energy and calories are used interchangeably to refer to the general concept of energy.
Body weight depends on physiologic controls of the balance between energy intake...
Fats, oils, and waxes belong to the group of naturally occuring
organic materials called lipids. Lipids are those constituents of
plants or animals which are insoluble in water but soluble in other
Amongst the various foodstuffs, fats provide the body with maximum
energy (9 kcal per gram), approximately twice that for an equal amount
of protein or carbohydrates.
Lipids are concentrated sources of energy as well as structural
components of cell membranes. Everybody needs a certain amount of
dietary fat for normal body functions. When fats are digested,
emulsified, and absorbed, they facilitate the intestinal absorption and
transport of fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K. They are...
Food and nutrition are the basis of human life. These are the second most important factor which helps in sustaining life. The prime factor is after all indisputably air. Humans can survive for some days or even weeks without any food, but surviving even a couple of seconds without air is unthinkable and impossible.
Food is basically what ever an individual eats. One man's food can be another man's poison, as the adage goes. A substance considered as food by one individual may not be given the same preference by another person. More over it may even be considered with disgust...
Fruits are a boon of nature and designed to provide a wide range of nutrients and essential Vitamins, minerals and trace elements.
Each fruit is unique and has something special in terms of nutrition to offer. The title of the King among the fruits in terms of energy provided on consumption of hundred grams of fruit goes to the Date fruit. It provides a whopping three hundred kilo calorie. Next on the list is the Olive fruit, which provides about one hundred and forty two kilo calories of energy.
The common fruits are Apple, Straw berries, mangoes, Oranges, Pineapples, peaches, melons,...
Much attention is given to the necessities of vitamins for good
health, but the role of minerals is as important. Even if one mineral
is lacking the body can not function properly.
Minerals are divided into two groups - macro elements and trace
elements. They combine with vitamins, form enzymes and are necessary
for almost every physiological process. Minerals are found in a broad
range of plant and animal foods, as well as in drinking water.
It is not always apparent what the function of minerals are and year
by year new minerals are being included in the list of essentials. Like
vitamins the best way to overcome...
The most important aspect is to keep the body and mind in a sound position so that any internal or external adversary should not overpower the body.. The popular notion is to make the body stronger and stronger but it is not the completion because a stronger mind is also the prerequisite that can go hand in hand with sound body to make the process complete.
Navy seal nutrition guide is the endeavor of U.S. Navy Department. This is considered to be the entrusted guideline for the sound health and mind and different scientific moves toward proper implementation for the...
A nutrition diet plan is a must have for everyone over the age of 20 in order to avoid common health problems such as heart disease and diabetes.
One should stick with a regular and reliable diet plan and avoid those diets that are crowding the internet. Never shop for diet plans on the internet unless you are very sure about the diet plan or have been recommended by a friend. You can then narrow down the choices of a good nutritional diet plan.
How do you spot these fake diet plans, that promise you will loose lot of calories, fat and...
Weight loss industry has been doing tremendous business since the last two decades. The direct impact of these businesses doing well has been on the common people.
Exaggerated propaganda coupled with claims of miraculous overnight transformations in to slim and sexy figures have all played their respective parts very well. People are being bombarded by all these constant trade gimmicks, and invitations to join overboard by these weight loss clinics and centers have definitely affected the way people eat and also the way they think about themselves.
Being over weight is considered so out of sync, being slim is in...
Bananas are generally found in the tropics and can be taken in two different forms, if left to get ripe, they can be consumed as fruits, and however they could as well be cooked while still in their raw state which turns them into a source of carbohydrates. Bananas being a tropical fruit are found in plenty in most African countries around the tropics. These countries are mostly situated around east and central Africa and the western African parts of the continent. Some areas where bananas are also found are places like Brazil and the Caribbean islands among many other...
A nutritionist has several important functions to play in the course of their duty. In the course of duty, a nutritionist is in charge of planning nutrition programs. The art of meal preparations and ensuring the nutritional value of the food is met is an important aspect in our daily lives if we are to maintain healthy and disease free lives. Nutritionists also come in f=different classes depending on the institutions that they serve. Among some of the most featured institutions where nutritionists are needed are hospitals, schools and other places or organizations where food is served to big numbers...
Healthy eating patterns should be emphasized at all levels of live since proper nutrition is very important to good health. Healthy eating helps fight and keep at bay diseases as well as infections. Every one wants to lead healthier and longer lives, proper nutrition sees to this as it helps in reducing the chances of suffering from one or more of the major death causing diseases; coronary heart disease, stroke and cancer. Necessary knowledge about nutrition and the respective foods portions to be consumed is therefore essential
The body is made of 50% to 60% water making water the most important...
Protein is required for the growth and development of all
animals including human beings. Body proteins serve many functions,
they include structural components of cells and tissues, enzyme
catalysts of biochemical reactions, hormone messengers, and components
of the immune system. The RDA for adult men and women is 0.8 g/kg of
body weight per day.
There is little evidence that muscular activity increases the need
for protein, except for the small amount required for the development
of muscles during physical conditioning. [Torun, B., Scrimshaw,
N.S., and Young, V.R., Effects of isometric exercises on body potassium
and dietary protein requirements of young men , American Journal of
Clin Nutr, 30, 1977]
Botanical remedies, herbal supplements, alternative treatments
Dietary supplements - Traditionally, dietary supplements referred to products made of one or more of the essential nutrients, such as vitamins, minerals, and protein. But the Dietary Supplements Health and Education Act broadens the definition to include, with some exceptions, any product intended for ingestion as a supplement to the diet. This includes vitamins; minerals; herbs, botanicals, and other plant-derived substances; and amino acids (the individual building blocks of protein) and concentrates, metabolites, constituents and extracts of these substances.
Take That Supplement - Some doctors have thought that herbal supplements were so ineffective that they wouldn?t...
Vitamins are organic substances functioning to facilitate an
essential biochemical reaction necessary for growth, vitality and the
normal functioning of our bodies. We must obtain them from our diet or
take them in the form of dietary supplements, that are usually derived
from plant and animal products. Crucial to the definition of a vitamin
is that lack of it produces a specific deficiency syndrome, and
supplying it cures that deficiency.
It is almost impossible to sustain a healthy way of life by taking
only synthetic supplements and not following a good eating plan.
Supplements should be taken only with some nutrition knowledge or the
guidance of a nutritionist and dietitian....