Diets and General Health Advice
The fact that more than 20% of the United States adult population is obese presents a major public health concern. However, the failure to follow through and maintain weight loss on their own, after termination of counselling, makes the long-term success of weight loss programs difficult to achieve.
Health professionals often assume that patients will dutifully comply with recommendations simply because they are urged to do so. The magnitude of noncompliance has been well documented. Adherence to dietary programs is thought to be poorer than to medication regimens. [Glanz, K.: Dietitians' effectiveness and patient compliance with dietary regimens. JADA 84:444, 1984.] Dietary regimens are often restrictive, require changes in life-style and behaviours, interfere with family habits and customs, and are of long duration. You must also be aware that health insurance these days incorporate dietary history when calculating premiums.
Weight control methods are considered a success if weight loss is maintained without expense to overall health. A goal of any successful weight reduction program is to promote permanent life-style changes. The physical and psychological consequences of repeated weight fluctuations may be more harmful than maintaining some degree of overweight. [Rock, C.L., & Coulston, A.M.: Weight control approaches: A review by the California Dietetic Association. JADA 86:44, 1988] The ultimate goal of all weight loss programs is to reduce nutritional risk factors associated with chronic diseases by increasing consumer awareness of healthy food choices.
In 1992 over 49 million people were dieting. The National Council Against Fraud estimates that quackery costs consumers between $25 billion and $50 billion a year - and nutrition fraud is the most common type. [Legislative Highlights, Journal of the American Dietetic Association. Page 648 - 650. May 1990]
Therefore to identify a quality weight loss program, and not to be misled by a "fad diet", the following indicators must be considered:
- A variety of foods. Weight control programs should be individualized to fit people's life-styles and food preferences. Individualization diminishes feelings of deprivation, which lead to discouragement, bingeing, and rebound weight gain - all hallmarks of the yo-yo diet syndrome.
- Enough calories to maintain good health. Consuming less than 1200 kcal a day may result in loss of muscle instead of fat and may compromise nutritional status as a result of deficient nutrient intakes.
- Realistic weight loss goals. To lose body fat and not just water, a maximum weight loss of 2 pounds per week is advised.
- Regular exercise. Especially as we age, exercise can be the key to weight loss and maintenance of a desirable weight.
- Behaviour modification. Registered dietitians counsel people to keep lost weight off by helping them alter their eating behavior and responses to foods for the rest of their lives.
Unfortunately, a current trend toward the view that a single food is either a panacea or a poison is being gradually adopted by major health associations. This "good food/bad food" dichotomy ignores the consensus among nutritionists that all foods can be compatible with health when used in moderation as part of a balanced, varied diet.
Over the past decade people have become obsessed with the nutritional value of the food they eat. Time and again, nutrition ranks high among consumer concerns, along with food safety, convenience, quality, and value. In the United States sales in the "healthy foods" category accounted for $65 billion in 1985, but are expected to reach $98 billion by 1995.
Consumers are asking for specific information about which foods and, in particular, which brands of packaged foods to choose from when they eat or purchase foods. For example the broad guideline to avoid to much fat, saturated fat and cholesterol require specific behaviour implementations that include:
- Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grain breads and cereals, potatoes, rice noodles, dried beans, peas, and lentils.
- Choose low fat dairy products, including skim, 1%, and 2% milk, low-fat cheeses, and low-fat yogurt.
- Choose lean meats, fish, chicken and turkey.
Very Low Calorie Weight Loss Diets (VLCD)
It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that while VLCD's promote rapid weight loss and may be beneficial for certain individuals, such diets have health risks and should be undertaken only with the supervision of a multidisciplinary health team with monitoring by a physician and nutrition counselling by a registered dietitian.
Side effects that have been associated with VLCD's are cold intolerance, fatigue, light-headedness, nervousness, euphoria, constipation or diarrhoea, dry skin, thinning of hair, anaemia, and menstrual irregularities.
Low body weight and Weight Loss
Excessive concern about weight may cause or lead to such unhealthy behaviors as excessive exercise, self-induced vomiting, and the abuse of laxatives or other medications. These practices may only worsen the concern about weight. Excessive exercise may also affect hormone production, increase the loss of calcium from the bones, and increase the risk of fractures.
Low body weight and rapid unintentional weight loss are highly predictive of mortality, especially in the elderly population. Weight loss is frequently reported in elderly patients.
Acute and chronic diseases are leading causes of involuntary weight loss. Whereas physical disease probably accounts for a majority of cases of involuntary weight loss, psychiatric disorders such as dementia and depression also may result in severe nutritional deficiencies.
Energy requirements decrease because of the lower basal metabolic rate and reduced physical activity. These low energy requirements make it more difficult for the elderly to obtain adequate amounts of required nutrients. Health care professionals must monitor body weight in elderly persons and carefully evaluate any cases of rapid, unintentional weight loss to prevent further deterioration of health status. [Low body weight and weight loss in the aged. JADA 90:1697-1706, 1990]
Weight loss generally consists of both lean body mass and body fat. Contributions of lean body mass and fat to total weight loss is a function of body fat content. Excessive loss of lean body mass will result in skeletal and cardiac muscle wasting and loss of visceral protein. Because lean body mass declines with age, elderly individuals who are at average or slightly above average weight may be better able to tolerate weight loss that occurs with aging or disease than underweight individuals.
It has been well documented that physical disease can lead to weight loss. Disease may limit dietary intake or may alter physiological processes, resulting in decreased nutrient digestion or absorption, increased nutrient excretion, or increased nutrient requirements.
Cancer is the most frequently cited cause of involuntary weight loss, and weight loss may occur during early stages of tumour growth before other symptoms emerge. The anorexia of malignancy has been related to taste alterations; changes in gastrointestinal tract contraction and secretion; metabolic disturbances resulting in changes of circulating glucose, amino acid, fatty acid, or lactic acid levels; changes in hypothalamic function; and weakness leading to decreased motor activity.
In addition to cancer, gastrointestinal disease, uncontrolled diabetes, and cardiovascular disorders such as congestive heart failure, alcohol abuse, pulmonary disease, and infection are major causes of involuntary weight loss. Less common, but still a cause of notable weight loss, is hyperthyroidism.
Specific nutrient deficiencies and low nutrient intakes, which may contribute to weight loss, have been documented in patients with dementia. Deficiencies of folate, thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, and vitamin B12 and electrolyte imbalance may impair cognitive function and mimic dementia.
Some nutrient deficiencies that alter mental status may be present in the elderly population. Altered mental states attributable to nutrient deficiencies and weight loss can be corrected. Several studies have shown that folate deficiency leads to confusion and signs of dementia in elderly individuals, but can be reversed with appropriate supplementation. If confusion and dementia caused by nutrient deficiencies are not diagnosed and corrected, they may lead to even lower nutrient intakes and more severe alterations in mental status.
Today many people are concerned about their weight. For this reason, they pursue many nutrition plans called a 1000 calorie diet. When deciding in which plan to choose they have to decide what the goal of the diet is. Is it to look better in your swimsuit or is it for genuine health benefits? Often a short term 1000 calorie diet doesn't have any lasting effects since there is no long term change that will allow for permanent weight loss and a leaner healthier body as a result.
The pros of a 1000 calorie diet are a few that will benefit...
Starting a diet that only allows for 1000 total calories per day is a very strenuous plan to follow. In order to have the greatest chance for success, you will need a 1000 calorie diet menu to follow, which will help keep you on track as you strive to meet your weight loss goals.
Different people like different foods in different combinations. Therefore, the same 1000 calorie diet menu will not work for everyone. The sensible thing to do when starting on a 1000 calorie diet is to customize your very own 1000 calorie diet menu. By doing so, you know...
Many of today's people are concerned about their weight. For this reason, they pursue many nutrition plans called a 1200 calorie diet. When deciding in which plan to choose they have to decide what the goal of the diet is. Is it to look better in your swimsuit or is it for genuine health benefits? Often a short term 1200 calorie diet doesn't have any lasting effects since there is no long term change that will allow for permanent weight loss and a leaner healthier body as a result.
The pros of a 1200 calorie diet are a few that will...
A 1200 calorie diet gives you a nice assortment of foods to choose from. However, in order to have the greatest chance for success, you will need a 1200 calorie diet menu to follow, which will help keep your diet on track and headed for success.
The same 1200 calorie diet menu will not work for everyone because not everybody likes the same types or combinations of food. Therefore, the sensible thing to do is to customize your own 1200 calorie diet menu. By doing so, you know you will always like the foods on your 1200 calorie diet menu and...
An 1800 calorie diet plan serves as a nutritional staple providing the body with healthy foods and adequate dietary nutrients. Weight loss can be achieved however, in order to reach maximum results while using an 1800 calorie diet plan, you must follow the plan precisely and eat both the proper kinds of foods and in the correct amounts.
An 1800 calorie diet plan works well when coupled with light exercise for large-sized women or small-sized men who want to maintain their current weight and regular exercise for small-sized men who want to lose weight.
On an 1800 calorie diet plan...
The 3 day cardiac diet was developed at the Cleveland Clinic as a very low calorie diet and quick weight loss program intended to help cardiac patients lose weight rapidly. Hence the name 3 day cardiac diet. The primary use of the 3 day cardiac diet is to achieve rapid and short-term weight loss as well as reduce the risk of heart disease. The 3 day cardiac diet works to lower cholesterol levels and blood pressure.
The 3 day cardiac diet should be adhered to strictly with no changes, additions or substitutions. The following shows in precise measurements how the...
It is easy to be fooled by diets online. They all profess to give you the body you want with little work. The truth is that any diet you are on will take work. If you truly want to lose weight, than you have to be realistic in your goals and stop looking for fad diets. The 3 day chemical breakdown diet is a fad diet no matter what name it is tagged with. Those who advertise the 3 day chemical breakdown diet as the Mayo Clinic Diet are misleading you.
First of all, you can lose weight with the...
The 3 day chemical diet is a very low calorie diet and quick weight loss program. The 3 day chemical diet is intended to help people jumpstart long-term weight loss programs or slim down quickly for an upcoming event such as a wedding or a cruise. The 3 day chemical diet works by using a unique combination of foods. When on the 3 day chemical diet, these foods work together chemically and trigger a weight loss reaction of up to 10 pounds.
The 3 day chemical diet should be adhered to strictly with no changes, additions, or substitutions. The following...
Are you looking for a way to kick-start your diet? Have you reached a plateau in your current diet and you cannot seem to lose any more weight? If either of these situations describes your current needs, then a 3 day diet detox plan may be just what you need.
A 3 day diet detox will both kick start a new diet or get you over a weight loss slump in your current diet by flushing your system of dangerous toxins and poisons. Further, a 3 day diet detox can help to reduce and or eliminate health problems such as, skin,...
If you feel you have some extra pounds attached to your body, you might consider the 3 day diet fruit plan. It will help you get a jump start on losing those extra pounds. It is by no means an all the time diet, but the 3 day diet fruit plan has been shown to be effective. For 3 days you will eat a high content of fruit in your meals. You may already eat a lot of fruit, but the 3 day diet fruit plan asks that you concentrate on even more.
The 3 day diet fruit plan is based...
The 3 day diet to lose 10 pounds is a very low calorie diet and quick weight loss program intended to help people jumpstart long-term weight loss programs or slim down quickly for an upcoming event such as a wedding or a cruise.
The 3 day diet to lose 10 pounds can be followed as directed below. Specified substitutions are also allowed while on the 3 day diet to lose 10 pounds. The following show the original 3 day diet to lose 10 pounds. Substitutions to the 3 day diet to lose 10 pounds are listed below after the original...
The 3 day diet tuna is a low calorie diet intended to help the user achieve rapid weight loss over a 3 day period. The 3 day diet tuna is intended to help people jumpstart long-term weight loss programs or slim down quickly for an upcoming event such as a wedding or a cruise. The 3 day diet tuna works by using a unique combination of foods. The 3 day diet tuna should be adhered to strictly with no changes, additions, or substitutions. The following shows in precise measurements how the 3 day diet tuna should be followed.
The 3 day miracle diet, also known as the diet taking America by storm, is a low calorie diet intended to help dieters achieve rapid weight loss over a 3 day period. The 3 day miracle diet is intended to help people jumpstart their weight loss or slim down quickly for an upcoming event such as a wedding or a cruise.
The 3 day miracle diet works by using a unique combination of foods. The 3 day miracle diet should be adhered to strictly with no changes, additions, or substitutions. You should not snack between meals however, you should be...
Many of today's people are concerned about their weight. For this reason, they pursue many nutrition plans called a 7 day diet. When deciding in which plan to choose they have to decide what the goal of the diet is. Is it to look better in your swimsuit or is it for genuine health benefits? Often a short term a 7 day diet doesn't have any lasting effects since there is no long term change that will allow for permanent weight loss and a leaner healthier body as a result.
The pros of a 7 day diet are a few that...
Before you begin any diet you should see your doctor. But, if you are thinking about cutting your daily calories to lower than 1,000, you must visit with a physician.
Going on an 800 calorie diet is generally a short-term way to lose weight because eating from an 800 calorie diet menu for more than three to six months can cause health problems. A low calorie diet is generally between 1,000 and 1,200 calories a day, so if you are thinking about an 800 calorie diet menu, be sure to ask your doctor first.
An 800 calorie diet menu is going...
Some people consider the British Heart Foundation 3 Day Diet to be a fad. It has been around for many years and is not supported by the British Heart Foundation. The claim is that this diet can help a person lose 10 pounds in just three days. You will find that the British Heart Foundation 3 Day Diet is only 700 calories per day, which is incredibly low, so before undertaking this diet a physician should be consulted.
The menu doesn't vary for the entire three days, so you aren't getting any variety. The British Heart Foundation 3 Day Diet doesn't...
Cardiac illness is the leading cause of death for both men and women according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. One in four Americans die from heart disease each year, per CDC statistics. The most common ailment is coronary artery disease, which occurs when the arteries that provide blood flow to the heart become narrow and brittle. In 2014 alone, coronary artery disease killed 365,000 people.
The good news is that "coronary artery disease is preventable," says Johnny Lee, M.D., president of New York Heart Associates. Risk factors for heart disease include smoking and family history, but diet...
With many different weight loss programs available today, one known as the Cleveland Clinic 3 day diet can give individuals the results they are looking for in weight loss in a small amount of time. As the name indicates, this weight loss program is only 3 days in duration and can heed results of up to 10 pounds in those three days.
Many variations to the Cleveland Clinic 3 day diet can be found on the Internet or through other health and medical institutions. Since the Cleveland Clinic 3 day diet is very strict, it is important that one follows...
A smart way to begin any diet is to speak to your doctor first. Your doctor will be able to review your health history and discuss your goals while also providing you professional information about what will work best for you. However, what do you do before you get to the doctor?
A good way to learn about the different diet and fitness options out there is to do a little research. Diet fitness articles are plentiful online and in health magazines. They are also a great resource when it comes to learning a...
By planning ahead, you can create diet menu plans that are so easy that anyone could follow them. It is so convenient to eat the right things when that is what is most readily available and healthy because it is a diet made up of healthy choices. Diet menu plans are cost effective and can give you delicious and nutritious meals. You eat fruits, vegetables and beans more than you eat meat, gravies and rich sauces. Remember how good that broiled steak tasted on the grill last summer? That type of cooking can certainly be planned into diet menu plans...
The folklore and superstition of cultures throughout history have
attributed healing or harmful properties to certain foods. This
tendency has not disappeared with the advent of the sciences of
nutrition and medicine. Food folklore continues today, although in many
instances it is inconsistent with scientific evidence.
Nutrition fraud is a comprehensive term used by the US Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) to describe the abuses that occur as a result of
the misleading claims for traditional foods, dietary supplements, and
dietary products and of the deceptive promotion of other food
substances, processes, and devices.
Food faddism is a dietary practice based upon an exaggerated belief in the effects of food...
If you are looking for a fast and effective diet that will help you shed pounds quickly, well look no further, the free 1200 calorie diet is just what you need. A free 1200 calorie diet plan contains nutrient dense foods, which cause rapid weight loss. In order to achieve optimum results while using a free 1200 calorie diet plan you must follow the plan precisely and eat both the proper kinds and amounts of foods.
If you end up eating less than 1200 calories, you could actually cause more damage than good to your free 1200 calorie diet plan by...
Has your doctor told you to eat 1200 calories a day or you really want to lose weight and feel this is the best method? Most individuals can operate on 1200 calories a day, but it does take a massive change if you are used to eating 1800 to 2000 calories in a day. If you are looking for a free 1200 calorie diet plan you are in the right place.
We will explain the free 1200 calorie diet plan and why it might be for you. The free 1200 calorie diet plan is based on counting the amount...
The Kaiser 3 day diet is another diet that claims massive weight loss in a short space of time. This diet claims that you can lose 10 pounds in three days. It sounds inconceivable, but according to the diet plan the claim is true, if you stick to the plan.
The Kaiser 3 day diet provides a menu that must be followed to the letter to get results, but you do get to eat real food. The plan claims that the Kaiser 3 day diet causes a chemical breakdown in your system, which results in rapid weight loss. Although...
In today's world, science has advanced by leaps and bounds. In the area of nutrition and weight loss in particular there have been many amazing discoveries. Nutritionists have developed the new day diet, which aids in weight loss for a healthier lifestyle. This new day diet is specially developed to assist those who want a quick and easy way to follow a healthy regimen without the hassle of planning menus and mealtimes. For some people this is easier than planning a diet strategy or buying prepackaged meals which tend to be expensive.
When using a new day diet there are...
The 4 day diet plan diet consists of seven diet modules spread over a period of four days. Because of the variation in the diet plan, the body functions more effectively to lose weight because it does not get the time to get used to the diet. All the changes keep the diet working.
Secondly, people on this diet do not get bored with eating the same type of food each day. Psychologically, the 4 day diet helps the person focus more on what he or she will be eating over the next four days, rather than what they will...
3 day diet (also called the military diet) is a very low calorie diet and quick weight loss program.This diet is intended to help people jumpstart weight loss; many heart patients have used this diet with great success. This diet works by using a unique combination of foods. When on the three day diet, these foods work together chemically and trigger a weight loss reaction of up to 10 pounds.
3 day diet should be adhered to strictly with no changes, additions, or substitutions. The following shows in precise measurements how this three day diet should be followed.
White food diet can seem a bit confusing when you first think about those three words together; however, as you begin to delve into what a white food diet might be you will understand why these words make sense. A white food diet would be considered a diet of carbohydrates. It is just another way of saying you are eating a low carb diet that can be a white food diet.
Have you ever looked at the nutritional values on certain foods? Take for example low fat yogurt. Low fat yogurt is supposed to be very good for you in...